Fertilizing : Fertilize every two weeks during summer, and every four weeks during winter if the growth doesn't stop. Change in environme… The leaves can vary in sizes of between 1–20" (2-50cm). It can be kept outside in the summer as long as temperatures are above 60°F (15°C). (Annah's delightful Ficus retusa.) Depending on where you look, there is different information as to the exact number of existing Ficus tree species. Care: Ficus retusa which originates in south eastern Asia thrives on warm, even temperatures and constant soil moisture. However, identification is sometimes tricky because growing plants as bonsai often makes leaves grow smaller than they normally would. how to rid your ficus retusa of scale insects, Advice on growing and caring for Ficus ginseng, Please help with my plant, a ficus with yellowing leaves, Ficus bonsai with yellow leaves and dead stems. All fig Bonsai species share a milky latex sap which leaks from wounds or cuts. Bonsai 20 years. Ficus retusa is one of the trees most often used to grow bonsai. This is an old illustration for it: The length varies, depending on the age, from two to five centimeters. You can rest the pot of your Ficus retusa on a tray of clay pebbles full of water, without having the pot touch the water itself. Ficus benjamina is a tropical shrub used to lots of sunshine and humidity. So that's why you don't have to water a ficus as frequently during the winter dry season. Ficus retusais a species of treein the family Moraceae. That’s why the name seems so familiar to many plant lovers across the world. They have simple, broadleaves. The smooth, light grey trunk is quite striking, can grow to around 1 metre (3.3 ft) in diameter, and it firmly supports the massively spreading canopy. If not treated in the early stages, the affected areas will enlarge and turn brown. Site this tree indoors, in bright but indirect light, until fear of frost has passed. It is widely planted as a shade tree and frequently misidentified as F. retusa or as F. nitida (syn. Height – 10 feet (3 meters) indoors Soil – indoor plant soil mix. Ensure that you only water when the soil is dry. Finally, note that your ficus retusa will appreciate having its leaves cleaned often with a rag or a moist paper towel. We advise daily misting to maintain humidity, but too much misting can create fungal problems. Ficus retusa is one of the rare tree species that is able to grow indoors as well as outdoors. No over sign of hepatotoxicity and renotoxicity were observed in chronic toxicity studies. Continue reading about pruning Bonsai trees. Join our Bonsai forum to ask your questions. Brit. Appreciated for its high resistance and the growth of air-roots giving great character. It might be that your Ficus retusa is drowning in excess water, that it lacks environmental moisture or light. Ficus retusa is a shrub that can bear pruning well, including heavy pruning. Although the true Ficus retusa tree mostly grows in the wild in South-East Asia, sometimes Ficus retusa branches are grafted to Ficus microcarpa to produce a type of Ficus ginseng. It started to lose leaves slowly shortly after arriving. This is a graft of two different varieties of F. microcarpa, one with enlarged roots and another with small leaves, in this case named Ficus ginseng by the hopeful owner. Ficus retusa is highly valued for its great strength and adaptability. Similar Ficus varieties include; The Microcarpa, Tigerbark, Willow leaf, Golden Gate, Religiosa, Benjamina, and Taiwan. Usually, original Ficus retusa leaves tend to be larger and longer that those of Ficus microcarpa varieties. Some of them can produce nice flowers, while most Ficus species have hidden flowers in small receptacles from which their fruits grow. You can mist the leaves several times a week with soft water, especially in winter. F. retusa: with very leathery leaves, less demanding than other ficus and more resistant to cold. firt Apr 17, 2020 7:05 AM CST. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Pruning: Regular pruning is necessary to retain the tree’s shape. Ficus retusa will appreciate spending the winter in a cooler spot, ideally around 60°F (15°C). To enable aerial root growth in our homes a humidity of nearly 100% must be achieved artificially. If the growing conditions are ideal, you can even take aerial roots from one part of the tree and graft them into a different position. This tree has a thick trunk and is often grafted with microcarpa Ficus leaves, which would result in a Ficus microcarpa Ginseng. Ficus tolerates root-pruning very well. Soil – indoor plant soil mix, well drained Grey to reddish bark dotted with small horizontal flecks, similar to tiger-like markings. Sometimes it is grafted with Ficus microcarpa leaves (combining it to a Ficus microcarpa ginseng). Erect or close, they are distinguished by a light green color on the lower page, which becomes darker on the upper one. The Retusa has small, dark green leaves which are more oval than the Benjamina. Watering : The Ficus should be watered normally, which means it should be given water generously whenever the soil gets slightly dry. This is usually caused by a change in temperature. Wiring: Wiring and bending thin to medium Ficus branches is easy due to their flexibility, but you should check the wires regularly as they can cut into the bark very quickly. We must place them indoors, always close to a source of natural light. Growing it at home is very easy. The so-called indoor trees are mostly trees from tropical origins, that do not support low temperatures. In poor conditions like these, they are sometimes infested with scale or spider mites. For more detailed information on these techniques, take a look at our Bonsai tree care section. An experienced grower can work on fig trees with a nearly unlimited range of creative freedom, which considerably increases the appeal of growing Ficus retusa as a Bonsai plant. There is a real ficus retusa, but no one cares enough about it to put a picture on the World Wide Web for me to steal. Ficus retusa, although easy to care for, demands a bit of attention in order for it to grow in the best growing environment. Repotting: Repot your Ficus tree during the spring, every other year, using a basic Bonsai soil mixture. This tree tends to form the aerial roots characteristic of banyans. Naturally growing for up to 50 ft tall this plant is extremely unpretentious. This leaves many ficus owners asking, Why is my ficus losing leaves? Fig tree. Name – Ficus retusa We know that there may be between 800 and 2000 different species. Name – Ficus elastica Family – Moraceae (mulberry family) Type – indoor plant. There are a number of possible reasons for this colour change in your Ficus Ginseng. It’s often shaped with an s-curved trunk and has dark green oval leaves. Green, glossy, evergreen leaves and an arching form make Ficus benjamina an attractive houseplant. Prune back to 2 leaves after 6-8 leaves have grown. Ginseng Ficus Bonsai Tree - Medium (Ficus Retusa) Also known as Banyan Fig and Taiwan Ficus. For faster healing, or closing of large wounds, young plants, shoots, or aerial roots can be grafted across wounds. Ficus Retusa You will find hundreds of types of ficus as you begin searching for plants, but the best species for bonsai is the Ficus Retusa. However, even in the dry season, the tropics are still humid. As early as May, after any risk of freezing has disappeared, you can bring your Ficus retusa out to let it taste a bit of fresh air. Read new articles immediately and get great deals delivered right to your email inbox, Easy gardening, grow food, flowers & medicine. In addition, the emission of aerial roots give it a special character. Basic…, Ficus carica, better known as the common fig tree, is the tree species that produces the famous green, black or…. The Ficus genus belongs to the family of mulberry plants or Moraceae, and it’s the most popular indoor tree species for Bonsai beginners. Leaf pruning (defoliation) can be used to reduce leaf size, as some Ficus Bonsai species normally grow large leaves. The ginseng fig is known by several names including the scientific names Ficus retusa and Ficus microcarpa and the common names ginseng ficus, pot-bellied ficus, Cuban-laurel, Chinese banyan, curtain fig and others. This will cause the older leaves on a ficus tree to yellow and drop off. Care – easy, Exposure – abundant indirect light It is even important to let the soil dry up in the surface before watering again. The reason your ficus drops leaves when underwatered is related to its evolution. Ficus “Ginseng” appears to be used as a common name for, basically, pretty much everything. The leaves of most Bonsai Ficus species have special pointed tips from which the rainwater drips off. F. benjamina). To illustrate this, a reassuring fact: it can grow leaves again on old wood. The diseased leaves fall within a few days of infection. This plant has a trunk that curves in an s-shape along with deep, dark green leaves that are oval-shaped. Larger wounds should be covered with cut paste. Figs can endure low humidity due to their thick, waxy leaves, but they prefer higher humidity and need extremely high humidity to develop aerial roots. It can also occur in the fall in cooler areas when people begin heating their … Pruning and exposure. I prefer to wash all of the old soil off the roots when repotting. F. benjamina: the most used as a houseplant, widely used as a bonsai, especially due to its easy availability and fairly moderate cost. Ficus retusa is quite resistant to most diseases, fungus and parasites. In most cases, springtime is the best time for planting Ficus seeds. In ficus trees, leaf infection by the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris is manifested as tiny water-soaked areas. Required fields are marked *. Need advice? You can tie many young plants together to fuse them and build a single strong trunk. The fruit can be yellow, green, red, or purple-blue and are between a few millimeters to several centimeters, as the edible fruit of Ficus carica. 4 Common Problems With Ficus Trees and How to Solve Them. Houseplants forum: Ficus Retusa loosing leaves rapidly. Also known as Banyan Fig. Ficus trees are a popular houseplant that can be found in many homes, but the attractive and easy to care for ficus trees still have a frustrating habit of dropping leaves, seemingly without reason. If you have pets, make sure to place your Ficus out of their reach. Pests / diseases: Fig species are quite resistant against pests, but they are still susceptible to several issues depending on their location, and time of year, especially in the winter. The rubber tree, or Ficus elastica, is a very beautiful indoor plant much liked for its shiny thick leathery leaves.. Ficus elastica facts. Ficus retusa is a completely different Ficus species. Ficus retusa doesn’t like it when water stagnates around the roots, so avoid collecting excess water in a saucer, or ensure that it stays dry. However Ficus ginseng does not exist as a wild species of Ficus. The Ginseng Ficus is an indoor Bonsai and is not frost hardy. It is a tropical evergreen leaf tree. Something to be aware of is that Ficus Ginseng Bonsai plants are poisonous for animals, especially if they eat the leaves. The Bonsai Ficus prefers room temperature soft water and it can tolerate occasional over, or underwatering. The Ficus Retusa has an S-shaped trunk and dark green, oval leaves. F. panda: has more rounded leaves than the previous species, more difficult to find, slow growing. Your email address will not be published. Views: 147, Replies: 5 » Jump to the end. If you notice a white, crusty residue on the surface of the soil, immerse the whole pot in a bucket of water to leach out excess salts. Its small size and thick trunk make it a very decorative plant, ideal for modern designer homes. Your email address will not be published. If you have a ficus tree that you move from a patio to the indoors, or vice versa, you may have noticed leaf drop. Watering – moderate. Luckily for us, it doesn’t matter too much which plant we’re dealing with specifically unless we want to be scientifically exact. Type – indoor plant, bonsai, Height – 16 to 32 inches (40 to 80 cm) Additional Information. leaves are oversized and you have long internodes, usually a sign of low light. Often mistaken for Ficus ginseng, even in horticulture stores. If it’s kept in a cooler place it only needs to be kept slightly moist. The Ficus Retusa has an S-shaped trunk and dark green, oval leaves. There is a real ficus retusa, but no one cares enough about it to put a picture on the World Wide Web for me to steal. Ficus retusa leaves are up to 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 cm) long, whereas Ficus microcarpa leaves never exceed 4 inches (10cm). Let’s start with something which might not be a problem: your Ficus Ginseng tree is going dormant just like the big ones in the woods because of the time of year.. Otherwise… Snip new shoots off as they appear, for the original shape to be preserved or to make it evolve to the shape you would like it to take. Height: Tall. Ficus Bonsai Trees. Their care, in the end, is pretty much identical. The ficus plant comes from areas with distinct seasons, but instead of hot and cold they are rainy and dry seasons. Foliage – evergreen The strong cuts that are necessary afterward don't affect the Ficus' health and new shoots will grow from old wood. The most popular one for Bonsai is the Ficus Retusa. Ficus retusa is a rapidly growing, rounded, broad-headed, evergreen shrub or tree that can reach 10 metres (33 ft) in height with an equal spread. This is often due to an attack of red spider mites. Some figs trees can grow very large with a crown circumference of more than 1000 ft (300 m). When they don’t receive enough water when indoors they think a dry season is coming and drop leaves in response. It requires a lot of light, preferably full sunlight, so be sure not to place it in a shady location. Ficus retusa doesn’t require abundant watering, and it mustn’t be watered too often, either…. The tropical figs are evergreen trees, small shrubs, or even climbing plants. It’s native to Malaysia from what I can auger. Placement : The ficus Bonsai tree is an indoor tree that does not endure frosty conditions. Special training techniques: Ficus trees can fuse by placing branches, roots, or trunks together and applying some pressure. It can be brought outside once temperatures are consistently above 60 o F but must be kept in the sun and not allowed to dry out. You can use a glass cover, a fish tank, or a construction with transparent sheets for this purpose. However, identification is sometimes tricky because growing plants as bonsai often makes leaves grow smaller than they normally would. Mass-produced cheap Bonsai usually come with a lot of problems, like ugly scars from rusty wire that dug into the bark, unattractive shapes, often poorly grafted branches in odd positions, bad soil, and sometimes inappropriate pots without drainage holes. It’s often shaped with an s-curved trunk and has dark green oval leaves. Although it will not grow as tall and it is not likely to have an aerial root system or any fruit you still get a beautiful natural decoration for the room and a natural air purifier. Ficus retusa abhors thermal shock, when the temperature drops suddenly. The most popular one for Bonsai is the Ficus Retusa. Most Ficus Bonsai trees can produce aerial roots in their natural habitat, which are often presented in appealing Bonsai creations with many aerial root pillars or root over rock styles. They have a self-supportinggrowth form. The Ficus Ginseng is another popular tree with a thick, pot-bellied trunk, similar to the Ginseng root. Fig tree branches and roots can also be grafted quite easily. Liquid fertilizer can be used as well as organic fertilizer pellets. Dry air and a lack of light weakens the Bonsai Ficus and often result in leaf drop. Ficus retusa aka Golden Ficus, or Taiwan Ficus has small leaves. Ficus retusa. If a considerable thickening of the trunk is desired, the Ficus can be left to grow freely for one or two years. by piegirl25: Apr 2, 2020 7:04 PM: 15: Reviving dead/in limbo ficus (or other plants for that matter) by spdjak: Apr 4, 2020 5:06 PM: 8: Bonsai advice? In my mind your plant looks very leggy because of lack of sun. Aerial roots grow down vertically from the branches and develop into strong pillar-like trunks when they reach the soil. Find species-specific information on your tree. This is usually due to mealybugs or scale insects to which the Ficus retusa is very vulnerable, especially indoors. Ficus retusa thrives particularly well indoors when the temperature stays from 60 to 75°F (15 to 25°C). Here are the tips on how to prune your Ficus retusa into a bonsai. Note that being placed in a drafty area can lead to partial or complete leaf loss. It drops leaves to prepare for the dry seasons that occur in its native habitat, to reduce foliage that needs moisture to live. Strong branches should be shaped with guy-wires because they can be left on the tree for a much longer period. I have many different types of ficus outdoors in full sun. 1. It is a tree with bright and robust leaves, with very beautiful trunks. If you have an indoor ficus retusa bonsai tree then it should not lose its leaves during the winter. The leaves of the ficus retusa, leathery and waxy, have a spiral shape and are simple and shiny; perennial and large, they are sensitive to thermal excursions. 5' Ficus Retusa With Air Roots Silk Tree w/Pot -2,820 Leaves -Green/Red (pack of 2): Amazon.ca: Home & Kitchen In tropical climates, a single tree can become a forest-like structure and cover an enormous expanse. And leaves from a ficus “retusa” The ends are pointy. Results conclude the extracts present a potential and safe alternative antidiabetic treatment. If this happens, water the ficus tree thoroughly until water drains out of the bottom of its container. The plant, which has been kept indoors, is now losing leaves very rapidly. Leaf Drop: This is the most common problem people experience with their ficus tree. The causes for dropping ficus leaves are many, but when you know what they are, this can help you pin down the reason your ficus tree leaves are falling off. Another popular Ficus species is the Ficus Ginseng. Ginseng ficus can lose leaves for a number of reasons. Credits for images shared to Nature & Garden (all edits by Gaspard Lorthiois): In most cases, fig-trees have smooth gray bark on their trunk, but there are a few species or varieties with special bark patterns, like the Ficus microcarpa Tigerbark. Share your garden joys & woes! Family – Moraceae (mulberry family) All ficus bonsai trees have milky latex sap. This technique is known as approach-grafting and it can be used to form appealing structures. I rest my case. Propagation: Cuttings can be planted at any time of the year, but they have the highest success rate during mid-summer growth. Similar Ficus varieties include; The Microcarpa, Tigerbark, Willow leaf, Golden Gate, Religiosa, Benjamina, and Taiwan. The warmer the placement of the fig during winter the more water it needs. Air-layering will work best during spring, in April through May. This is also the reason why it is one of the most common bonsai trees. A synonym (which is an old name for it) is f. truncata. Placing customary insecticide sticks into the soil or spraying insecticide/miticide will get rid of the pests, but a weakened Ficus tree’s living conditions must be improved. No comments yet – be the first to share your thoughts! They offer everything from young plants, pre-Bonsai, and pre-styled Ficus trees up to high-value Bonsai trees. There’s ficus microcarpa, often confused with one of its similar-looking cousins, ficus retusa. Exposure – abundant indirect light Foliage – evergreen. Ficus microcarpa, also known as Chinese banyan, Malayan banyan, Indian laurel, curtain fig, or gajumaru (ガジュマル), is a tree in the fig family Moraceae.It is native in a range from China through tropical Asia and the Caroline Islands to Australia. Using plant lamps 12 to 14 hours a day, and frequently misting the leaves will help in the recovery process. The temperature should be kept relatively constant. The Retusa has small dark green leaves which alternate up the stem and which are more oval than the Benjamina. Is in Europe popular as Ficus Ginseng. If you need help identifying your tree, try our Bonsai tree identification guide. Ficus retusa bonsai by Ron Frazier under © CC BY 2.0. Continue reading about watering Bonsai trees. Annah's Ficus retusa from Walgreen's sits calmly on the kitchen table and has nice dark green colored leaves and is a delightful plant to be around while eating. Nonetheless, occasional issues may arise. Ficus retusa leaves are up to 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 cm) long, whereas Ficus microcarpa leaves never exceed 4 inches (10cm). Ficus Retusa loosing leaves rapidly by firt: May 2, 2020 6:25 AM: 5: Hardest to care for houseplants? Or trunks together and applying some pressure why the name seems so to! In some cases, a single tree can become a forest-like structure and cover an enormous expanse grow large! 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Ficus outdoors in full sun it ’ s native to Malaysia from what I can.! Sheets for this purpose care for houseplants placement of the most popular for... Yet – be the first to share your thoughts lots of sunshine and humidity sometimes it is one of trees... Tree with a thick trunk make it a very decorative plant, which has been kept,... Stages, the emission of aerial roots can be left on the lower page, has! The end size and thick trunk and has dark green oval leaves they are distinguished by a light color... Very rapidly a shady location larger and longer that those of Ficus retusa is valued.