ALGORITHMS:-Once a problem is been properly defined, a detailed, finite, step-by-step procedure for solving it must be developed. Algorithm Examples, #1: Binary Search. Writing algorithms is a crucial step in programming. Moving on with this article on Sorting Algorithms In C, Merge Sort. In our example code, we supply a test function that uses sin and cos to produce the plot below: The optimal solution for this problem is (0.5,0.5), i.e. For example, the factorial of a number x is x multiplied by x-1 multiplied by x-2 and so on until it is multiplied by 1. The syntax simply requires the unary operator (*) for each level of indirection while declaring the pointer. char a; char *b; char ** c; a = ’g’; b = &a; c = &b; Here b points to a char that stores ‘g’ and c points to the pointer b. Bubble sort, sometimes referred to as sinking sort, is a simple sorting algorithm that repeatedly steps through the list, compares adjacent elements and swaps them if they are in the wrong order. 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