It can come in LED, fluorescent, incandescent versions. Lighting designed to illuminate an object from behind, which causes an appealing glow effect around its edges. The beam angle is measured between the downward direction, where the lamp provides maximum lighting intensity, and the direction in which intensity drops to 50%. This is like the gas mileage of a sports car, where the lighting output can be compared to miles traveled, and the electric power input is like fuel consumption. A lamp and fixture can only be used together if the lamp base matches the fixture socket. Their main goal is to preserve night sky visibility throughout the world. See more. Open area lighting: Position. For example, if the pole lamps in a parking lot emit backlight towards adjacent homes or apartments, it can be bothersome for the property owners. The cave effect is generally unwanted because it makes indoor spaces feel ominous, like the interior of a cavern. The Solar Street Lighting System consists of solar photovoltaic (SPV) module, a luminaire, storage battery, control Ballasts with the CBM seal have a guaranteed minimum ballast factor of 0.85 (See Ballast Factor). Since lumens describe lighting output better than watts, efficacy tends to be a much more useful concept in lighting design. Lighting control systems are sometimes incorporated into larger building automation systems. This kind of lighting is mounted to the ceiling with little or no gap between the ceiling and the light. Lighting fixtures with the goal to improve visibility in an area where specific tasks will be carried out, hence their name. Distance between the bottom of the fixture and the ground. A material that allows a partial transmission of light, generally diffusing it and eliminating glare. Dimmers can be used to make indoor environments more customizable and personal, and are also useful to save energy. Here's what you need to know about this emerging technology. The part of a lighting fixture that provides support and power for a lamp with a matching base. This is the type of glare felt when exposed to a potent HID light or when the sun is directly visible through a window. The IEEE is a technical authority that has published many standards and recommended practices for the electrical and electronic fields. A subtype of HID lamp that produces its lighting output by stimulating vaporized metal-halide compounds, hence its name. A progressive reduction in the luminous output of a lamp throughout it service life. Lamps or lights are vital for a lighting system and offer efficient lighting. Lighting designed to provide visibility when the normal lighting system fails, for example during blackouts. Some LED replacement lamps for HID fixtures are compatible with the same types of ballasts and include a mogul base to use the same socket. Once the current drawn in amperes is known, it is possible to size the wire for the lighting circuit, as well as electrical protection devices. Here we see a basic lighting circuit (switch leg). American Lighting Association, a trade association that encompasses the USA, Canada and the Caribbean, focusing on residential lighting. Shades generally use opaque or translucent materials. The MR designation is followed by a numerical value indicating the lamp diameter in 1/8ths of an inch, where two of the most common types are MR11 and MR16. PAR is an acronym for parabolic aluminized reflector, and it is used to shape the output of a light bulb into a directional beam. The fraction of a lamp’s luminous output that reaches the work plane. Electric utility bills are often calculated based on kilowatt-hour consumption per month. PAR lamps typically use incandescent, halogen or HID bulbs, and there are also LED replacements available. Part of a lighting fixture that covers the outlet box and wiring connections. The portion of a room that is above the lighting fixtures. Switching Acronym for organic light-emitting diodes, flexible polymers based on organic carbon molecules, where the light source is spread across a surface as opposed to a point source. Approach lighting systems provide landing approach guidance for pilots. A low-profile LED fixture that uses an edge-lit panel, designed to replace linear and parabolic fluorescent fixtures. A component required by fluorescent and HID lighting fixtures. Lighting output of a lamp or luminaire at 40 percent of its service life. A troffer-type luminaire that is covered by a lens, making the lighting distribution more uniform and eliminating glare. These incandescent lamps need a step-down transformer to bring the voltage down from 120 to 6, 12 or 24 volts. Definition; Design of emergency lighting systems: System designer, Design and Standards. Some LED lamps have a built-in driver, while others require one to be connected externally, just like the ballasts used by fluorescent and HID lamps. Disability glare impairs vision, but does not cause the same reaction as discomfort glare. NEMA 4X = Indoor or outdoor use, dust-tight, water-proof (including hosedown) and corrosion-proof. Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, a technical authority in the lighting industry, with dozens of publications to its credit. English Language Learners Definition of lighting. A lamp or luminaire component that is used to dissipate heat effectively. A lamp is a device that produces light by the flow of electrical current, and it is a general form of artificial lighting. An example of light pollution is when parking lot fixtures emit bright light sideways, exposing drivers to glare. Luminance is measured in candelas per square meter (cd/m2). As implied by its name, it is equivalent to the amount of energy consumed by a one-kilowatt appliance running for one hour. LED lighting) or renewable energy systems (e.g. They generally come with standard bases that fit into the sockets found in compatible fixtures. A subtype of ballast that uses power electronics to provide a high-frequency voltage and controlled current for fluorescent lamps. The service life of lamps tends to be extended as the crest factor becomes lower. Lighting specifically designed for lighting gardens, yardscapes, and outdoor pathways. A type of lighting fixture commonly used outdoors, consisting of a short and broad post with a lamp on top. Like mercury lamps, MH lamps are commonly used in outdoor and industrial setting. It controls the voltage and electric current provided to the lamp during ignition and operation, preventing overheating or premature failure. A compact lighting fixture that directs its output downward, hence its name. Acronym for alternating current, which describes a source where the voltage changes polarity multiple times per second, with a frequency of 50 Hz or 60 Hz depending on the country. U-bend lamps generally have two bases, one on each end, which attach to different lampholders. Wallpacks are available in HID, CFL and LED versions. Lamps that function at a high voltage and offer naturally diffused or scattered light. Definition of Lighting control system Search Within Lighting control system Definitions Click here to search for " " within Lighting control system Definitions or "system" means plants, works, instrumentalities, and properties used or useful in connection with providing lighting and necessary resources and appurtenances for the system. Highly directional lighting fixtures such as floodlights and spotlights. The brightness of an object or surface, as perceived by human eyesight from a specific direction. Some of the most common types are PAR20, PAR30 and PAR38. Lighting … SSL Acronym for solid state lighting, any type of lighting that uses LEDs to produce light, instead of incandescent filaments, ignited gas or plasma. Lighting systems designed for ceiling heights of 25’ or more, commonly found in sports complexes, warehouses or industrial locations. Clear glass is a translucent material. The term is generally used for lighting with a correlated color temperature (CCT) of around 3000K. A troffer that is specially designed for maximum optical performance, with a uniform lighting distribution that eliminates both glare and the cave effect. The bases of most residential lamps use either a screw or multiple pins. security). High Definition lighting systems . Backlight is directed behind the luminaire. A type of LED fixture that uses a transparent acrylic pattern with etched dots, lines or patterns. Measurement unit for the lighting output of lamps or fixtures. A device that uses infrared or ultrasonic radiation, or sound, to detect the presence of humans and switch the lights accordingly. Some common CCT values include: Although the correct technical term is correlated color temperature, it is often shortened to only color temperature. See Pendant Light / Pendant Fixture / Pendant Lamp. The CU is influenced by the luminous efficiency of the fixture, as well as room geometry and colors. It is important to note that the term does not refer to actual daylight, but rather artificial lighting that replicates its color. Soft light is generally created with diffuse lighting sources, such as: Reflection from a surface that is smooth and shiny, such as metallic kitchenware. A subtype of HID lamp that produces its lighting output by stimulating mercury vapor, hence its name. The drawback of instant-start ballasts is that they reduce the service life of lamps: electrode material is expelled each time the lamp is started, blackening its edges and causing eventual failure. See the full definition for lighting in the English Language Learners Dictionary. Lighting that focuses its output in a narrow beam, drawing attention to specific decorative features or objects, making them stand out from their surroundings. A type of lamp with a tungsten filament that glows when it carries current. The part of a lamp that connects to the lighting fixture, providing both physical support and electric power for the lamp. A group of LEDs mounted on a printed circuit board, capable of producing a lighting output. A type of lighting that generally directs it output towards the ceiling, and where individual fixtures are hidden in ledges. Downlights can be recessed, surface-mounted or pendant. An opaque or translucent component that blocks direct sight of a lighting source. The term comes from the fact that light sources at this color temperature value do not have the characteristic yellow hue of incandescent bulbs or warm white LED lamps. A factor used in lighting design to account of the degradation in luminous output over time. The term ‘lighting’ refers to equipment, the primary purpose of which, is to produce light. Conversion ratio between lighting power output and electric power input, measuring both quantities in watts. Incandescent lighting has a perfect color-rendering index of 100, comparable to that of the sun, but is among the least efficient types of lighting. Directed light normally causes glare when the sources is viewed directly. 3 the distribution of light on an object or figure, as in painting, photography, etc. lighting - the craft of providing artificial light; "an interior decorator must understand lighting" interior design , interior decoration - the trade of planning the layout and furnishings of an architectural interior A subtype of fluorescent lamp where a fluorescent tube is bent into a circular shape, and where the ballast is typically located in the middle. A physical property of surfaces, equivalent to the ratio of reflected light to incident light. Measurement unit for the electric power consumption of lighting fixtures, or any other appliance that runs with electricity. CFLs often have a built-in ballast and screw bases, allowing them to replace incandescent and halogen bulbs directly. Lighting technique based on reflecting the output of a lamp on surfaces. IESNA has members and recognition throughout the world. Acronym for light-emitting diode, a solid-state component that emits light when exposed to electric current. It is important to note than luminance changes depending on the viewing angle, and high luminance values are the direct cause of glare. An acoustic sensor that measures distances by sending and receiving ultrasonic signals. : light that is of a particular kind or that has a particular quality. Lighting control systems are widely used on both indoor and outdoor lighting of commercial, industrial, and residential spaces. A lighting control system is an intelligent network-based lighting control solution that incorporates communication between various system inputs and outputs related to lighting control with the use of one or more central computing devices. LPS lights have a very high efficacy, but their color rendering performance is very poor. To convert watts to lumens, multiply the power (P) in watts (W) with the luminous efficacy (η) in lumens per watt (lm/W). A phenomenon where a lamp blinks repeatedly, often caused by power supply issues, or a faulty ballast or driver. A lighting fixture that is enclosed and gasketed to prevent the entrance of vapors or gases. 04-Apr-2019 03:44 GMT. Any lighting output emitted in unwanted directions, which may have negative consequences. A chemical element, and one of the noble gases. Lights that operate at a lower voltage than the standard household voltage. A lighting design strategy that maximizes the use of natural light to reduce energy costs and create indoor spaces that feel natural and appealing. This term should not be confused with kilowatt-hour. One foot-candle is equivalent to one lumen per square foot (See Illuminance). Lighting effect where a wall with an irregular surface is illuminated so that there are both highlighted and shaded areas. Not to be confused with luminous intensity. The resulting “colorfulness” when objects are exposed to a light source, compared to that resulting from natural lighting. The horizontal plane where activities are carried out, typically 30 inches above the floor. translation and definition "lighting systems", Dictionary English-English online. It includes the sales price, installation cost, energy consumption, maintenance, component replacements and decommissioning cost. Fluorescent tubes are designated by the letter “T” followed by a number indicating its diameter in 1/8ths of an inch: Fluorescent tubes come in standard lengths, where the some of the most common are 24” (2’), 48” (4’) and 96” (8’). Adjustable folding arm lamp that can be used to provide task lighting (lighting up a specific area). ANSI also coordinates national and international standards, allowing US products and services to be used elsewhere. 2700K, with a warm tinge of yellow that creates appealing and relaxing environments, 4000K, a neutral white tone that strikes just the right balance between relaxation and concentration, 6500K, with a slight tinge of blue, which has an energizing effect. tmClass. For example: National Institute of Standards and Technology, a US-based physical science laboratory that is a technical authority on standards, measurements and technology. Ceramic metal halide is a subtype of MH lamp, where the arc tube is made from a ceramic material instead of quartz glass. One lux is equivalent to one lumen per square meter. SSL includes OLEDs. These lighting fixtures are installed into the ceiling and are in direct contact with insulation. A portion of lighting is always lost due to internal geometric features and reflection. Designed and developed exclusively for the Global 7500 aircraft, the innovative Soleil lighting system is aviation's first circadian rhythm-based cabin lighting technology fully integrated with the Flight Management System, and it introduces the revolutionary Dynamic Daylight Simulation feature, which can help combat jet lag. Daylighting is the controlled admission of natural light, direct sunlight, and diffused-skylight into a building to reduce electric lighting and saving energy. By providing a direct link to the dynamic and perpetually evolving patterns of outdoor illumination, daylighting helps create a visually stimulating and productive environment for building occupants, while reducing as much as one-third of total building energy costs. A type of lamp base that connects with the socket using keyways instead of threads. Definition - What does lighting system mean? National Electrical Manufacturers Association, a US-based electrical industry association that develops technical standards to ensure product quality and uniformity. The luminous flux on a surface, per unit of area. In lighting, lumens can be compared to miles traveled and watts can be compared to fuel consumption. Light is a form of radiation, including infrared and ultraviolet light, which are invisible for humans. Unlike the CRI, which describes how faithfully a light source represents other objects, the correlated color temperature (CCT) describes the color output of the lamp itself. Dimming method where the lamp output can be adjusted at any level between OFF and 100% output, without incremental steps. A lighting fixture that is resistant to breaking or tampering, generally intended for outdoor public spaces. Lamp or luminaire component that has the goal of dispersing the lighting output so that the desired distribution pattern is achieved. : the use of light for a particular purpose in a movie, play, etc. For example, the angle of light is 0° when looking at a downlight directly from below, and increases progressively as the viewer steps away from it. Derived from "chandler" (candle maker), a chandelier is a designer/decorative light that hangs from the ceiling and consists of several branch-like parts that host lights or candles. It is also important to note that the CCT is not the real operating temperature of a lamp - it is the temperature to which you would have to heat a black body to make it glow with the same color. Foot-candle - Equivalent to one lumen per square foot. It also provides ambient lighting as a secondary function. A device that regulates the lighting output of a lamp by controlling the power supplied. accent lighting – Directional lighting to emphasize a particular object or to draw attention to a part of the field of view. Acronym for Direct Current. Also known as beam spread, the beam angle is a value that describes the downward light cone emitted by a lighting fixture with a reflector. Many newer control systems are using wireless mesh open standards (such as ZigBee ),  which provides benefits including easier installation (no need to run control wires) and interoperability with other standards-based building control systems (e.g. Mercury lamps may use a phosphor coating to enhance lighting performance, and are commonly used in outdoor and industrial lighting applications. A ballast that preheats the electrodes of a fluorescent lamp before igniting it, which reduces their wear over time and extends the service life of the lamp. HEP lighting offers a very high efficacy (over 90 lumens per watt) and perfect color rendition (CRI = 100). Depending on the application, mounting height can have two possible definitions: MR is an acronym for multifaceted reflector, a component used to shape the output of a light bulb into a directional beam. Integrated lighting fixtures are generally more efficient than lamp-based LED fixtures, but they make retrofits more expensive because the entire fixture must be replaced, not only the lamps and ballasts. Utilizing retractable functionality, this recessed downlight pulls down from the ceiling to aim at various angles. Ingress Protection rating, a two-digit code that indicates the resistance of a lighting fixture to solid particles and liquids, where higher digits indicate enhanced protection. 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