The grape vine is native to the Mediterranean and Asia Minor, and was first cultivated by man over 5,000 years ago. This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Changes in pip (seed) shape (narrower in domesticated forms) and distribution point to domestication occurring about 3500–3000 BC, in southwest Asia, South Caucasus ( Georgia), or the Western Black Sea shore region (Romania and Bulgaria). 2: 138 : Vitaceae : Vitis vinifera var. [9], The ancient Romans further developed the techniques learnt from the Etruscans, as shown by numerous works of literature containing information that is still valid today: De Agri Cultura (around 160 BC) by Cato the Elder, De re rustica by Marcus Terentius Varro, the Georgics by Virgil and De re rustica by Columella. Molina Rosito, A. Gard. [32] In addition, seeds are rich in unsaturated fatty acids, which helps lowering levels of total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol in the blood. Flora de Chiapas. Final . Vitis vinifera. [15] This work was a collaboration between Italian researchers (Consorzio Interuniversitario Nazionale per la Biologia Molecolare delle Piante, Istituto di Genomica Applicata) and French researchers (Genoscope and Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique). Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Vitaceae. A veces se denomina a la vid con el nombre de parra —en particular aquella cuyo producto es la uva de mesa—, aunque en fruticultura se denomina parral o parra a un sistema de conducción de las plantas de vid en altura, usado particularmente para ejemplares de producción cuidada, ya que sus uvas se destinan al consumo en fresco. Los estambres son erectos al principio, después reflejos. Monogr. Based on Article 10a of Directive 2001/83/EC (well -established use) Based on Article 16d(1), Article 16f and Article 16h of Directive 2001/83/EC (traditional use) Herbal substance(s) (binomial scientific name of the plant, including plant part) Vitis vinifera . Se cree originaria del suroeste de Asia y del centro y suroeste de Europa. Domesticated vines have hermaphrodite flowers, but subsp. Med. Listados Floríst. Hickman, J. C. 1993. Cissus vinifera. It is a liana growing to 32 m (35 yd) in length, with flaky bark. Cultivars of Vitis vinifera form the basis of the majority of wines produced around the world. Curated hierarchies for Vitis labrusca × Vitis vinifera. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. GRAPES BOTANICAL NAME-VITIS VINIFERA Scientific classification:- Kingdom: Plantae Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Vitales Family: Vitaceae Genus: Vitis L. 3. Melatonin, an alkaloid, has been identified in grape. xxv. 3. Trans-resveratrol is a phytoalexin produced against the growth of fungal pathogens such as Botrytis cinerea[28] and delta-viniferin is another grapevine phytoalexin produced following fungal infection by Plasmopara viticola.[29]. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. [20] In traditional medicine of India V. vinifera is used in prescriptions for cough, respiratory tract catarrh, subacute cases of enlarged liver and spleen, as well as in alcohol-based tonics (Aasavs). Hegi – wild grape. AAU Rep. 34: 1–443. vi. Vitis vinifera. Wild grapes thrived in the warm, damp, wooded lowland valleys from Turkestan, deep in Asia, through Armenia into Thrace. [4][5][6], Grape pips dating back to the 5th–4th millennium BC were also found in Shulaveri; others dating back to the 4th millennium BC were also found in Khizanaant Gora, all in the country of Georgia. Esta página se editó por última vez el 17 jun 2020 a las 18:30. This change came about also due to changes in economic and cultural aspects and in the way of life and in the consumption habits of wide sectors of the population starting to demand quality products. The Vitis family consists of about 60 inter-fertile species that exist almost exclusively in the Northern Hemisphere: of those, V. vinifera is the only one extensively used in the global wine industry. Color: Yellow, white Bloom Time: Spring. Noxious Weed Information. 2001. Vitis vinifera, the common grape vine, is a species of Vitis, native to the Mediterranean region, Central Europe, and southwestern Asia, from Morocco and Portugal north to southern Germany and east to northern Iran. Hamilton, C. W. & A. Green. La yema pronta (o yema anticipada) es una yema que puede brotar en la misma temporada que la yema principal dando origen a un brote anticipado. Grapevine leaves are filled with minced meat (such as lamb, pork or beef), rice and onions in the making of Balkan traditional dolma. The results of this analysis contribute significantly to understanding the evolution of plants over time and of the genes involved in the aromatic characteristics of wine. Vasc. México. Kuntze. Rep. Bot. vinifera. & Schult. Europe to Central Asia and N. Iran. Carotenoids accumulate in ripening grape berries. Noxious Weed Information. INTRODUCTION:- It is a deciduous crop. Var. Vitis vinifera L. homotypic synonym: Vitis vinifera subsp. Bot. Vitis vinifera red cultivars are rich in anthocyanins that impart their colour to the berries (generally in the skin). All of the familiar wine varieties belong to Vitis vinifera, which is cultivated on every continent except for Antarctica, and in all the major wine regions of the world. [citation needed], Between the 5th and 10th centuries, viticulture was sustained almost exclusively by the different religious orders in monasteries. El ovario tiene forma de ovoidea a globosa, con 1 solo estigma. Vitis labrusca × Vitis vinifera. México 4: i–v, 1–246. Water is a precious reso… Form: Irregular or sprawling, Spreading or horizontal, Variable spread. Ripe grapes were used for the treatment of cancer, cholera, smallpox, nausea, skin and eye infections as well as kidney and liver diseases. Plantae: Vitis vinifera f. caribaea (DC.) Las ramas jóvenes, denominadas sarmientos, son flexibles y muy engrosadas en los nudos; alternando sobre ellas se disponen las hojas, grandes (hasta 14 por 12 cm), de estipulas caducas, tienen el limbo suborbicular, palmatilobado o subentero, irregularmente dentado, obtuso, agudo o ligeramente acuminado, cordado, glabro, pubescente -aracnoideo o tomentoso-aracnoideo; se las suele llamar pámpanas. There are no common names associated with this taxon. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. 2008. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1987. Vitis vinifera L. Details; Images (6) Synonyms (6) References (20) Subordinate Taxa; Specimens; Distributions (24) Chromosome Counts (4) Plant Profile; Records 1 - 36 of 36 Page of 1 Family! sylvestris. vinifera is the cultivated grapevine selected in ancient times within this area, as distinguished from var. The Greeks took the art of viticulture around the Mediterranean and the Romans spread the knowledge up the river valleys into France and Germany. Seedless grape varieties were developed to appeal to consumers, but researchers are now discovering that many of the healthful properties of grapes may actually come from the seeds themselves, thanks to their enriched phytochemical content. Vitis vinifera. sylvestris (C.C. There are also numerous hieroglyphic references from ancient Egypt, according to which wine was reserved exclusively for priests, state functionaries and the pharaoh.[8]. 1753.[5]​. Por ejemplo, Zinfandel no es un "varietal", sino un viduño. 75: i–viii, 1–1181. La yema latente brota solo en condiciones extremas como una fuerte fertilización nitrogenada o una poda excesiva, dando origen a un brote muy vigoroso en madera vieja (tronco por ejemplo) llamado "chupón". Montiel (eds.). CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020 (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Malvidin-3-(6-p-coumaroyl)-glucoside trans, "On roots, and time travel | Stanford Wine Society", "The grapevine genome sequence suggests ancestral hexaploidization in major angiosperm phyla", Discovering Grapes and Wine in the Far North of China, Wine in China; its history and contemporary developments, "Natural product agonists of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ): a review", "A study of antioxidant properties of some varieties of grapes", "The role of grape polyphenols on trans-resveratrol activity against Botrytis cinerea and of fungal laccase on the solubility of putative grape PR proteins", "Anthocyanin-derived Pigments in Graciano, Tempranillo, and Cabernet Sauvignon Wines Produced in Spain", "Bioactivity of grape chemicals for human health", "Genetic diversity and population structure assessed by SSR and SNP markers in a large germplasm collection of grape", Effects of climate change on wine production,, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from June 2014, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 07:35. Puede producir fruta aunque esta será de baja calidad. These are strongly odoriferous compounds, such as β-ionone (aroma of viola), damascenone (aroma of exotic fruits), β-damascone (aroma of rose) and β-ionol (aroma of flowers and fruits). The Benedictines and others extended the grape growing limit northwards and also planted new vineyards at higher altitudes than was customary before. Uses. 1. Pero la importancia mayor de la vid es para obtener, por fermentación del mosto, el vino y todos sus derivados: alcohol, vinagre, etc. Kuntze: synonym for Vitis tiliifolia Humb. vinifera L. : Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2001) Vitis vinifera subsp. Scientific name Source Vitis vinifera subsp. Flora de Nicaragua. Se «Gaffiot F., Dictionnaire Latin-Français, Hachette, Paris, 1934, p.1686»,, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores GND, Wikipedia:Control de autoridades con 23 elementos, Licencia Creative Commons Atribución Compartir Igual 3.0. Bot. La vid presenta requerimientos de frío para una adecuada ruptura de la dormición e inicio de la nueva estación de crecimiento. El fruto es una baya globosa u oblongoidea, con 2-4 semillas piriformes ovoides con chalaza elíptica, 2 surcos longitudinales separado por una cresta aguda, el ápice redondeado, y el endospermo trilobulado.[1]​[2]​. Aarhus 16: 1–74. Cat. raisin, grape; Lat. & Bonpl. Taxonomy ID: 29760 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid29760) current name. [5], The first written accounts of grapes and wine can be found in the Epic of Gilgamesh, an ancient Sumerian text from the 3rd millennium BC. La vid o parra, cuyo nombre científico es Vitis vinifera, es una planta semileñosa o trepadora que cuando se deja crecer libremente puede alcanzar más de 30 m, pero que, por la acción humana, podándola anualmente, queda reducida a un pequeño arbusto de 1 m. Su fruto, la uva, es comestible y materia prima para la fabricación de vino y otras bebidas alcohólicas. Como consecuencia de su evolución como cultivo, se distinguen diversos cultivares. Vitis vinifera L. homotypic synonym: Vitis vinifera subsp. Genbank common name: wine grape. 2. Common names are from state and federal lists. ex Roem. Part III: 614pp. For thousands of years, the fruit has been harvested for both medicinal and nutritional value; its history is intimately entwined with the history of wine. Por lo general son ramas improductivas y denominadas "feminela". Vitis vinifera, the common grape vine, is a species of Vitis, native to the Mediterranean region, Central Europe, and southwestern Asia, from Morocco and Portugal north to southern Germany and east to northern Iran. 1986. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California 1–1400. Scientific Names. Estos requerimientos de frío son muy variables, según los cultivares: desde 500 a 1400 horas de frío, aunque en la actualidad existen variedades cultivadas con un requerimiento de solo 100 horas.[3]​. In C. L. Hitchcock Vasc. Authority: Linnaeus. [1] There are currently between 5,000 and 10,000 varieties of Vitis vinifera grapes though only a few are of commercial significance for wine and table grape production.[2]. Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. Vitis vinifera is the most important such species. Pacif. 85(3): 2536–2543. The Etruscans improved wine making techniques and developed an export trade even beyond the Mediterranean basin. Se habla de un vino monovarietal, si está hecho con un único viduño. [18] Further evidence shows the Mesopotamians and Ancient Egyptians had vine plantations and winemaking skills. Los zarcillos, bifurcados, están opuestos a las hojas y se enroscan y endurecen en cuanto encuentran soporte. Grapes(vitis vinifera) ppt 1. Seed plants of the high Andes of Ecuador–A checklist. wild grape. vinifera. Vitis vinifera L. Common Names. An updated and annotated check list of the vascular plants of the Galapagos Islands. 1999. multiloba Kuntze. Common Names. Vitis vinifera fue descrita por Carlos Linneo y publicado en Species Plantarum 1: 202. Infraspecies recognized by GBIF classification. General Care; Light Requirements; ... Browsing: Vitis vinifera . ex Roem. En francés, cépage, en italiano vitigno. The Order of Vitis Vinifera is a quest item in the Blood and Wine expansion, which is considered the highest honor in Toussaint. Fl. Pero varietal es un adjetivo, no un sustantivo. Stilbenoids can be found in the skin and in wood. Scientific name i: Vitis vinifera: Taxonomy navigation › Vitis. Vitis vinifera is the fourth angiosperm species whose genome has been completely sequenced. Vitis vinifera produces nearly all the world's wines (certainly all the world's best wines). Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. La importancia económica de la vid, es extraordinaria: la uva es uno de los frutos más apreciados, nutritivos y rico en vitamina C, secas constituyen las pasas o sultanas, muy nutritivas y utilizadas en medicina popular como expectorantes; las uvas inmaduras se consideran refrescantes; de los sarmientos mana en primavera el agua de cepa, que se considera diurética; los pámpanos y brotes tiernos son ricos en taninos y antocianos, empleados como astringente contra las diarreas, hemorragias nasales (en forma de polvo), las uvas maduras tienen también propiedades laxantes —lo mismo que el mosto— y son ricas en ácidos orgánicos y azúcares reductores. Purple. sylvestris (in some classifications considered Vitis sylvestris), with V. vinifera subsp. The Vitis Vinifera Awards recognise quality wines and grape derived spirits that are available to the majority of consumers. En: Stevens, W.D., C. Ulloa, A. Su obtención se ha convertido en una verdadera disciplina: la enología. Se emplea también la palabra cepa o uva isabela. Greek philosophers praised the healing powers of grapes both whole and in the form of wine. Vitis vinifera cultivation and winemaking in China began during the Han Dynasty in the 2nd century[19] with the importation of the species from Ta-Yuan. For thousands of years, the fruit has been harvested for both medicinal and nutritional value; its history is intimately entwined with the history of wine.[3]. Los sépalo están soldados e inconspicuos, a veces reducidos a un anillo. Hesiod in his Works and Days gives detailed descriptions of grape harvests and wine making techniques, and there are also many references in Homer. [25] It's often mixed with amla, cinnamon, cardamom and other herbs along with spices to create "Blood in Draksha", which will uplift a persons mind and body. The earliest evidence of domesticated grapes has been found at Gadachrili Gora, near the village of Imiri, Marneuli Municipality, in southeastern Georgia; carbon-dating points to the date of about 6000 BC. Inst. Missouri Bot. Genus: Vitis L. Vitis vinifera L.; This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Central & SE. Most other competitions focus on aspirational products in the ultra-premium segment of the market, which tends to enhance the perception that good products are out of reach of the average consumer. The use of dried grapes or raisins as food is of great antiquity (Num. Vitis vinifera ssp. 1975. Species recognized by NCBI and Global Biotic Interactions. Vitis vinifera var. [21], In the Mediterranean Basin, leaves and young stems are traditionally used to feed sheep and goats after grapevine pruning.[22]. Rank: species. Legal Status. Nature published the genome sequence of V. Add a photo to this gallery PRESENTED BY:- ANKIT VIKRAM SINGH CULTIVATION OF GRAPES 2. Vitis vinifera is a liana that grows up to 35 yards (32 m) in length, with flaky bark. Flower. 2007. This literature can be considered the origin of modern ampelography. sylvestris (C.C.Gmel.) (synonym) Vitis apyrena Hort. Vine cultivation and wine production kicked off in Armenia. Se denomina viña al terreno plantado con vides y si es muy extenso se le llama viñedo. Subordinate Taxa. Scientific name Name status Group Source database; Vitis vinifera L. accepted name: Plantae: Vitis vinifera Marshall: ambiguous synonym for Vitis aestivalis Michx. racemus), the name given to the dried fruits of certain varieties of the grape vine, Vitis vinifera, which grow principally in the warm climate of the Mediterranean coasts and are comparatively rich in sugar. In North America it formed hybrids with native species from the genus Vitis; some of these were intentional hybrids created to combat phylloxera, an insect pest which affected the European grapevine to a much greater extent than North American ones and in fact managed to devastate European wine production in a matter of years. Taxonomy ID: 29760 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid29760) current name. The wild grape is often classified as V. vinifera subsp. NCBI. [citation needed]. (eds.) 1961. [7], Cultivation of the domesticated grape spread to other parts of the Old World in pre-historic or early historic times. vinifera. Vitis vinifera. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders. vinifera.[14]. Species. Wild grapes were harvested by neolithic foragers and early farmers. This plant has no children. Univ. Heuzé V., Thiollet H., Tran G., 2017. Description. Legal Status. Lawesson, J. E., H. Adsersen & P. Bentley. ex Steud. 'Vitis; nombre genérico que es tomado directamente del latín vītis, vitis, la vid, el sarmiento, vitis vinea siendo el vino[6]​, Parra (26), parra bravía, parra cultivada, parra de uvas, parra silvestre (2), parral (2), parras (2), parreña, parriza, parrucha, parrón (4), vid (34), vid común (3), vid cultivada (2), vid silvestre, vides, vidueño (3), viduño (3), vinagrera, viña (8), viña roja, viñas, viñedo. Preferred Names. Demographic pressure, population concentration in towns and cities, and the increased spending power of artisans and merchants gave rise to increased investment in viticulture, which became economically feasible once more. Cronquist, F. M. Ownbey & J. W. Thompson. 18, xxx. root. RAISIN (Fr. Las flores son hermafroditas o unisexuales, reunidas en panículas laterales opuestas a las hojas. [citation needed], During the 3rd and 4th centuries AD, the long crisis of the Roman Empire generated instability in the countryside which led to a reduction of viticulture in general, which was mainly sustained only close to towns and cities and along coastlines. Saxifragaceae to Ericaceae. Vinifera: Scientific name of the primary species of Vitis (vines) used for winemaking. CONABIO. 3; 1 Sam. En La Rioja y la parte oriental de Cuenca y Albacete se emplea la palabra "majuelo" para designar la vid nueva. vinifera restricted to cultivated forms. Bot. 1. Scientific Name. sylvestris (q.v.). The Latin word Vitis has feminine grammatical gender, and therefore species names with adjectival specific epithets take feminine forms, such as V. vinifera. Gmel.) Preferred Names. Breedlove, D.E. Grape leaves and vine shoots. In the second half of the 20th century there was a shift in attitude in viticulture from traditional techniques to the scientific method based on fields such as microbiology, chemistry and ampelography. N.W.. University of Washington Press, Seattle. The leaves are alternate, palmately lobed, 5–20 cm (2.0–7.9 in) long and broad. Syst. However, wild vine "mountain grapes" like Vitis thunbergii were being used for wine making before that time. This scientific literature review is the initial step in preparing a safety assessment of the following 22 Vitis Vinifera (Grape) derived ingredients as used in cosmetic formulations: Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Bud Extract Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Flower Extract Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Fruit Extract [13], V. vinifera accounts for the majority of world wine production; all of the most familiar grape varieties used for wine production belong to V. If only one gene had been mutated, most grapes would still be red and we would not have the more than 3000 white grape cultivars available today. Cissus vinifera (L.) Kuntze Projects: Bolivia, China, Ecuador, IPCN, Mesoamericana, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Peru Common Names: angur (Pakistan) No References available grape No References available pu tao No References available wine grape (English) USDA, NRCS. El tronco, retorcido, tortuoso y de hasta 6m de largo, presenta una corteza gruesa y áspera que se desprende en tiras longitudinales. In Capital Nat. NCBI BLAST name: eudicots. There are currently between 5,000 and 10,000 varieties of Vitis vinifera grapes though only a few are of commercial significance for wine and table grape production. African Flowering Plants Database - Base de Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs D'Afrique. The fruit of several Vitis species are grown commercially for consumption as fresh grapes and for fermentation into wine. [12], Between the Low Middle Ages and the Renaissance, viticulture began to flourish again. Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. L., … Scientific Names. Actualmente su uso se extiende por todos los países de climas templados. Common Names. Mediterranean and Central Europe, Central Asia. In Europe, Vitis vinifera is concentrated in the central and southern regions; in Asia, in the western regions such as Anatolia, the Caucasus, the Middle East, and in China; in Africa, along the northern Mediterranean coast and in South Africa; in North America, in California and also other areas like Michigan, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Washington state, British Columbia, Ontario and Québec; in South America in Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Peru and Brazil; and in Oceania in Australia and New Zealand. Vitis vinifera var. Main Bloom Time: Late spring, Mid spring. Preferred name: Vitis vinifera. [citation needed], Grapes followed European colonies around the world, coming to North America around the 17th century, and to Africa, South America and Australia. It is a proprietary recipe in Ayurveda created by Shri Pappy Vaidyar back in 1930.[26]. Browse Plants by Scientific Name; Browse Plants by Common Name; Browse Plants by Genus; Browse Plants by Family; Browse Plants by USDA Hardiness Zone; Browse Plants by Origin; About Plants & Flowers; Cultivation. Family: Vitaceae Juss. Scientific Classification. Pomp and Strange Circumstance Vitis Vinifera is the scientific name for the common grape vine. Accepted scientific name: Vitis vinifera L. (accepted name) Synonyms: Cissus vinifera (L.) Kuntze (synonym) Vitis alexandrina Fisch. De este modo, se logró injertar las razas de Vitis vinifera europeas sobre las raíces «americanas». [27], Species of flowering plant in the grape vine family Vitaceae. Approximately 10,000 cultivars of V. vinifera exist today, although the market for wine production is dominated by only a handful of them. Hegi : Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2001) Hitchcock, C. H., A.J. & Schult. Oxidation of carotenoids produces volatile fragments, C13-norisoprenoids. Pool. AFPD. La vid posee tres tipos de yemas: yema principal, yema pronta y yema latente. Common Grape Vine, Grape Vine, Wine Grape, European Grape. Pl. This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. [10][11], Grape growing was a significant economic activity in the Middle east up to the 7th century, when the expansion of Islam caused it to decline. Apart from 'ecclesiastical' viticulture, there also developed, especially in France, a 'noble' viticulture, practiced by the aristocracy as a symbol of prestige. [citation needed], Much was written during the Renaissance on grape growing and wine production, favouring a more scientific approach. Other historical uses include the leaves being used to stop bleeding, pain and inflammation of hemorrhoids. Notes. In March 2007, scientists from Australia's Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), working in the Cooperative Research Centre for Viticulture, reported that their "research suggests that extremely rare and independent mutations in two genes [VvMYBA1 and VvMYBA2 of red grapes] produced a single white grapevine that was the parent of almost all of the world's white grape varieties. Genbank common name: wine grape. There are no common names associated with this taxon. [27] Anthocyanins can be found in the skin of the berries, hydroxycinnamic acids in the pulp and condensed tannins of the proanthocyanidins type in the seeds. See Growing Vines for more details. multiloba (Raf.) The species typically occurs in humid forests and streamsides. The fruit is a berry, known as a grape; in the wild species it is 6 mm (0.24 in) diameter and ripens dark purple to blackish with a pale wax bloom; in cultivated plants it is usually much larger, up to 3 cm (1.2 in) long, and can be green, red, or purple (black). Now cultivated in suitable climates worldwide. Synonyms. Bloom Color: Yellow. Scientific Name Author Reference Date; Vitaceae : Vitis vinifera var.