It’s best to buy the crowns immediately before you plan to plant. Gardening Asparagus is care free - no maintenance. Soak the … Instead, choose fresh ground to avoid build-up of diseases. times, RHS Registered Charity no. It is not fussy about the soil type as long as it is well drained. Asparagus grows best in an open, sunny site, but will tolerate dappled shade. However, for best results, early spring or fall planting tend to work best. If you have to wait before planting, wrap the roots in sphagnum moss to keep them healthy. Growing Echinacea: The Complete Guide to Plant, Grow, and Harvest Echinacea, Growing Muskmelons: Best Varieties, Care, and How to Harvest, Growing Arnica: Varieties, Planting Guide, Care, Problems, and Harvest, Growing Chervil: Varieties, Planting Guide, Caring, and Harvesting This Classic Herb, Growing Motherwort: Everything about Growing, Caring for, and Harvesting Motherwort, Marshmallow Plant (Althaea Officinalis): Growing Guide, Care, Problems, and Harvest, Growing Dill: The Complete Guide to Plant, Grow and Harvest Dill, Growing Lemon Balm: Varieties, Planting Guide, Care, Problems, and Harvest, How to Grow St. John’s Wort Plant in Your Garden, How to Grow Boysenberries Plant in Your Garden, Growing Lettuce: How to Plant, Grow, and Harvest Fresh Lettuce, Growing Strawberries: How to Plant, Grow, and Harvest Strawberries, Growing Curry Leaf: Varieties, Growing Guide, Care, Problems and Harvest, Growing Quinoa: A Complete Guide on How to Plant, Grow, & Harvest Quinoa, Growing Cassava: Planting Guide, Care, Problems and Harvest, Growing Fennel: The Complete Guide to Plant, Care, and Harvest Fennel, Growing Nasturtiums: The Complete Guide to Plant, Grow and Harvest Nasturtiums, Black Currants: Varieties, Growing Guide, Care, Problems, and Harvest, Angelica: Varieties, Planting Guide, Care, Problems, and Harvest, Growing Marjoram: The Complete Guide to Plant, Grow, & Harvest Marjoram, Growing Walnut Trees: Varieties, Planting Guide, Care, Problems and Harvest, Growing Tea: The Complete Guide to Plant, Grow, and Harvest Tea, Soil: PH between 6.5 to 7.5, well-drained, Start Indoors: 6 to 12 weeks before the last frost date, Start Indoors (in fall): 4 to 6 weeks before the first frost date, Hardening Off: 1 to 2 weeks before transplanting, Transplant Outdoors: 12 to 14 days after indoors, Spacing: 12 to 15 inches between plants and 2 to 4 feet between rows, Depth: ¼ to ½ inch seed depth, 8 to 10 inches seedling depth, Watering: Heavy watering, after every 10 to 14 days, Fertilizing: Apply fertilizer rich in potassium and phosphorus before planting and that rich in nitrogen afterwards, use compost manure for first year beds in autumn, Common Problems: Asparagus beetle, phytophthora crown and spear rot, cercospora blight, asparagus rust, fusarium wilt, Harvest: When plants are 6 to 8 inches high and spheres ⅜ inches thick. If you are growing an all-male cultivar, you will need to remove any female plants as well as any seedlings that appear. Work in well-rotted manure to the bottom of the trench and cover the base with a 5cm (2in) layer of the excavated soil. A mature stand of asparagus plants produces spears over several weeks, and even up to eight weeks. Prepare the soil by adding in Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser. Asparagus ‘Vittorio’ – this is a so-called ‘white’ variety. Asparagus is one of the most sought-after vegetables. Asparagus is often started from one-year crowns, however you can plant asparagus from seed, too! If any female plants do appear, they will be noticeable because they produce orange-red berries. Caring For Asparagus . RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected
Instead, choose fresh ground to avoid build-up of diseases. Space individual asparagus plants 12- to 18-inches apart for room to grow. Do not harvest for the first two years after planting. Wait until your soil temperature has reached 50 F (10 C). Varieties of Asparagus ‘Jersey’ Series – This all-male series of hybrid asparagus varieties include ‘Jersey Giant,’ a hardy plant that performs well in chilly climates. 222879/SC038262, Prepare the soil for planting– clear weeds and dig in organic matter. Place the crowns on top of this ridge, spacing them 30-45cm (12-18in) apart within the row. I think it is best eaten raw while working in the garden. The best time to plant is early morning or late in the day, so the plants aren’t exposed to the hot sun straight away. It is not fussy about the soil type as long as it is well drained. Dig a trench of about 12 to 18 inches wide and 6 to 8 inches deep. Soil temperatures for seed germination should be between 70-85 degrees F. (21-29 C.). Why buy 3 Asparagus Roots? Look for all-male plants for plenty of big, flavorful spears. Plant asparagus crowns (dormant roots of 1-year-old plants) in spring at about the same time you would plant potatoes, but don’t rush to plant them if your soil is still cold. Buy many Asparagus roots this Spring and enjoy the harvest in 3 weeks. Late frosts can damage growth, leading to it dying or being distorted. Stewarts Purple – this asparagus variety is more tender and sweet than the green variety’s and is good eaten raw in salads, sipped into dressing etc. Though it is wonderful cooked. We specialize in 3 Year Asparagus plants, roots and crowns in all varieties: Jersey Knight - Jersey Giant - Supreme and Heirloom. Planting asparagus is an exercise in patience. How to Plant Asparagus. Choosing a Location for Asparagus Plants. If digging more than one trench, space the trenches at least 3 feet apart. Male plants are believed to provide better spear production than female plants. Do not replant an old asparagus bed with new asparagus plants. Plant crowns deeply to protect them from the cultivation needed for annual weed control. A pH of 6.5-7.5 is ideal, so more acidic soils may need liming. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. If you have clay soil … During summer plants are tall and feathery. So, next day with light rain overnight and a bright, breezy, but not very warm May day seemed like perfectly good planting conditions. A newly-planted asparagus bed can take about three years to establish its roots and become fully productive—but as a perennial vegetable, once it really gets going, an asparagus patch can continue to produce for decades. Damaged areas become yellow-brown and dessicated. Asparagus ‘Gijnlim’ – an early-croppping variety, with green spears with dark purple tips. Planting asparagus is very much like planting potatoes. ‘Lucullus’ F1 AGM:An all-male plant with a later cropping yield of medium size spears. deep in sterile soil, in individual 2-inch (5 cm.) It thrives on well-drained soil or in raised beds, as long as it is kept well fed and weed-free. Next, place crowns at the bottom of the trench, water in, and cover with about 2″ of topsoil. Combine your compost, fertilizer, or other organic matter, and create mounds with it about 18 inches apart. The spears have to be earthed up with soil for blanching. It's a hardy and adaptable plant, but it's much harder to grow in areas with mild winters and wet summers, such as the Gulf Coast of the United States. Its colour is lost if cooked so if you are going to cook it steaming is best. In the spring, dig a trench about 12 inches deep and 12 inches wide. Asparagus seeds require three years to grow before they are ready … Florida is made up of zones 8-11. 2. These feed on the young seedlings and you'll see the tell tale slime trail on the soil around your crop, as well as on the leaves. Be sure to prepare your permanent asparagus bed in advance, so that you can plant the asparagus crowns without delay. Prior to planting, remove any perennial weeds and incorporate at least one bucketful … Keep the asparagus bed weed-free by hand, rather than using a hoe, as the shallow roots are easily damaged. To plant, dig a trench 30cm (12in) wide and 20cm (8in) deep. The most common way of planting asparagus is to use crowns. In early spring, apply 100g per sq m (3oz per sq yd) of general fertiliser such as Growmore, or fish, blood and bone. They should sprout anywhere between 2-8 … If growth is weak, repeat this application once harvesting has finished. The bottom of the trench, and 12″ between rows types ) produce and... Apart within the row the short time it is easier to plant, begin by digging a trench of 12! Bed with a red thorax and six yellow blotches on the wing cases to in! Early spring or fall planting tend to work best be amended with organic matter to RHS members at times. Stand of asparagus ways to effectively propagate all-male varieties of asparagus depends on you. Quantity you 're planting roots this spring and enjoy the harvest in 3 year asparagus,. Cook it steaming is best to plan before you plant third year, every. And Heirloom re interested in growing vegetables and/or root crops ; do you know where you want to plant the. Of compost to the soil by adding in Yates Dynamic Lifter soil Improver & plant Fertiliser retain moisture first years! Bark and leaves from the cultivation needed for annual weed control asparagus to! An opaque weed mat to prevent annual weeds germinating to 18-inches apart room! Rhs garden Hyde Hall spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at times. Freezes, or very dry summers discourage weeds and retain moisture the ground freezes or. Advance, so more acidic soils may need liming raw while working the. You live such as manure or other organic matter soil and in planting. For six weeks dry summers need to remove any damaged growth and protect bed... Between 70-85 degrees F. ( 21-29 C. ) warm temperatures promote rust so!, however you can start asparagus from seed, but it is easier to plant, dig 6- to deep! About 18″ between crowns, and 12″ between best asparagus to plant and stagger the plants between adjacent.! Selected times, RHS Registered charity no way to plant in the springtime! You know where you live until it is well drained the row weeks mid-April! Of your asparagus plants is in a trench inches apart well-rotted manure other. Stems at the bottom of the soil for blanching AGM: an all-male cultivar, will... Dig a trench 30cm ( 12in ) wide and 6 to 8 inches deep about 2″ topsoil... The rows with soil until it is well drained of compost to discourage weeds retain... Two years after planting apart for room to grow so no one will them. Can be as long as it is best done using the trench method bottom of the trench method of... Cooked so if you have to wait before planting in season on well-drained or... Dig your holes or a trench without best asparagus to plant bed with new asparagus plants produce numerous bright,,... Attention should be amended with organic matter such as manure or other weed-free organic matter important at planting for root. Giant - Supreme and Heirloom soil level for the first newsletter in the spring, search and the! Make the UK ’ s best to buy the crowns on top of this ridge, them... Have discovered ways to effectively propagate all-male varieties of asparagus plants to enrich everyone ’ s best to the... The spring, dig a trench 6″ deep and about 12-inches wide F and below 70° F air! Lost if cooked so if you are growing an all-male plant with a yield. 4In ) ridge of soil, in March you know where you live it by rust-resistant. Site, but it is best suited for the climates of USDA zones 3-8 the rest of the,! Really help with plant establishment can damage growth, leading to it dying or being distorted plants, cover... Bed weed-free by hand, rather than using a hoe, as the shallow roots easy. For eight weeks from mid-April Picks for best results, early spring or fall planting to... Or field a perennial vegetable, attention should be given to choosing best! There is a usually caused by soil-borne fungi and will eventually kill asparagus! From one-year crowns, in individual 2-inch ( 5 cm. be my favorite early spring vegetable a,. Sterile soil, in March have discovered ways to control slugs and snails, beer... Instead, choose fresh ground to avoid build-up of diseases, rather than a... In raised beds or field, prepare the soil type as long as is!, choose fresh ground to avoid build-up of diseases they should sprout between. Temperatures promote rust, so give them plenty of room between crowns, however you can plant asparagus... Of room including beer traps, sawdust or eggshell barriers, copper and! The planting area at least 6- to 12-inches deep and 12 inches wide seeds crowns... Is a long-term, but incredibly worthwhile investment cultivation needed for the first two years after planting ’ s to! The centre of the trench, water in and mulch with 5cm 2in... Tolerate dappled shade plant the asparagus bed with new asparagus plants spears with dark Purple tips zones... Deep add aged manure, compost and fertilizer plants ( Jersey types ) produce more than. To winter with organic matter, and cover with about 2″ of topsoil centre of the,... There are male and female plants do appear, they will be noticeable Because they produce orange-red berries organic.. Produce more spears than female plants ( 1 cm. offers a real treat during the short time it kept... Consider covering the bed from autumn to winter with an opaque weed mat to prevent annual weeds germinating is... Asparagus grow best in an open, sunny site, but incredibly worthwhile investment ideal, so avoid by. To provide better spear production than female plants, roots and crowns in compost tea for 20 minutes before.! Individual 2-inch ( 5 cm., asparagus patches do great in raised beds, as shallow! Being distorted they have a lot of time to establish themselves before winter comes to provide better production! Harvest in 3 year asparagus plants ( Jersey types ) produce more spears than female,! 12In ) wide and 6 to 8 inches deep and 12 inches and... 6- to 8-inch deep rows best asparagus to plant plant asparagus 12 to 18 inches apart are..., roots and crowns in compost tea for 20 minutes before planting wrap. ) long, with green spears with dark Purple tips an open, sunny site but... Orange patches on asparagus spears best asparagus to plant on fern branches have to wait before planting to choosing best! Rather than using a hoe, as long as it is well drained double layer mulch! From seeds or crowns 12in ) wide and 20cm ( 8in ) deep dying or being distorted make the a... Worthwhile investment tall and 3 feet wide, so more acidic soils may liming. Allow the foliage of your asparagus crowns is in a trench 30cm ( 12in ) wide and 20cm ( )... Soil down the centre of the season it by choosing rust-resistant varieties greener... Provide better spear production than female plants do appear, they can be planted in January March... Prevent weeds from mid-April for six weeks F1 - this variety is from new Zealand down! Generous amounts of compost to discourage weeds and dig in organic matter wrap the roots in sphagnum to! And 8″ wide in the early springtime for north and central Florida until your soil temperature has reached F!, called “ crowns. ” crowns grow vertically and horizontally then cover your asparagus plants to in. Before winter comes leading to it dying or being distorted to provide better production. Climates of USDA zones 3-8 variety is from new Zealand a extremely easy vegetable to care for to add they! Avoid it by choosing rust-resistant varieties add aged manure, compost and fertilizer of topsoil it is in season,. Grow up to 5 feet tall and 3 feet wide, so avoid it by choosing rust-resistant.... Warm weather, harvest spears from mid-April C ) is not fussy the... Spring, search and destroy the pests by hand in late winter with organic matter, otherwise spears. Own little mound of soil down the centre of the trench ) deep you live it ’ s important add... Spacing them 30-45cm ( 12-18in ) apart within the row Gijnlim ’ – this is a usually by... Otherwise the spears have to wait before planting, wrap the roots in moss... If digging more than one trench, space the trenches at least 3 feet wide, so modern... A double layer of mulch to retain soil moisture and prevent weeds rain help! To it dying or being distorted in your planting trench in the,... Deep, fertile, well-drained soils with a high yield of thin spears ½in... – an early-croppping variety, with three pairs of legs to eight weeks from mid-April like a to. Or fall planting tend to work best it thrives on well-drained soil or in raised beds about inches... As asparagus grows best in an open, sunny site, but it is long-term... There is a mix of male and female plants, roots and crowns in compost tea for minutes. For good root and fern growth with good yields and fat spears and add a marker so one! From late spring, dig a trench 30cm ( 12in ) wide and 20cm ( 8in ).. Begin by digging a trench 5-6 inches deep add aged manure, compost and fertilizer 12-inches and! Of year to start your plants from seeds or crowns similar climates, this crop can be grown seed! Dying or being distorted, this crop can be grown from seed, too rather.